Association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers

Seung-Sup Kim, Cassandra A. Okechukwu, Orfeu M. Buxton, Jack T. Dennerlein, Leslie I. Boden, Dean M. Hashimoto, Glorian Sorensen

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Abstract

Background: A growing body of evidence suggests that work-family conflict is an important risk factor for workers' health and well-being. The goal of this study is to examine association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers. Methods: We analyzed a cross-sectional survey of 1,119 hospital patient care workers in 105 units in two urban, academic hospitals. Work-family conflict was measured by 5-item Work-Family Conflict Scale questionnaire. Multilevel logistic regression was applied to examine associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pain in the past 3 months, adjusting for covariates including work-related psychosocial factors and physical work factors. Results: In fully adjusted models, high work-family conflict was strongly associated with neck or shoulder pain (OR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.64-3.34), arm pain (OR: 2.79, 95% CI: 1.64-4.75), lower extremity pain (OR: 2.20, 95% CI: 1.54-3.15) and any musculoskeletal pain (OR: 2.45, 95% CI: 1.56-3.85), and a number of body areas in pain (OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.82-3.36) in the past 3 months. The association with low back pain was attenuated and became non-significant after adjusting for covariates. Conclusions: Given the consistent associations between work-family conflict and self-reported musculoskeletal pains, the results suggest that work-family conflict could be an important domain for health promotion and workplace policy development among hospital patient care workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)488-495
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Hospital worker
  • Low back pain
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms
  • Work-family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Kim, S-S., Okechukwu, C. A., Buxton, O. M., Dennerlein, J. T., Boden, L. I., Hashimoto, D. M., & Sorensen, G. (2013). Association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 56(4), 488-495. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22120