Association of adiponectin, resistin, and vascular inflammation: Analysis with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

Hae Yoon Choi, Sungeun Kim, Sae Jeong Yang, Hye-Jin Yoo, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sei-Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Kyung Mook Choi

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Abstract

Objective- Adiponectin and resistin are adipokines that are linked to obesity, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography is a promising imaging technique that can be used to evaluate vascular inflammation. Methods and Results- We measured adiponectin and resistin levels, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, in 60 obese subjects and 60 nonobese controls. In addition, we compared carotid intima-media thickness and target-to-background ratio (TBR) measured using F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The mean TBR values were significantly higher in the obese group compared with normal subjects, although their mean carotid intima-media thickness levels were not significantly different. Serum adiponectin levels showed a significant negative correlation with mean TBR values (r=-0.215, P=0.020), whereas resistin levels were positively correlated with mean TBR values (r=0.214, P=0.021). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that mean TBR values were independently associated with body mass index, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and resistin levels (R=0.308). Conclusion- Adiponectin and resistin may be useful as biomarkers to reflect vascular inflammation. In particular, resistin levels were independently associated with vascular inflammation even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)944-949
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

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Resistin
Adiponectin
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Positron-Emission Tomography
Blood Vessels
Inflammation
Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
Adipokines
C-Reactive Protein
Linear Models
Atherosclerosis
Body Mass Index
Obesity
Biomarkers
Regression Analysis
Serum

Keywords

  • adiponectin
  • inflammation
  • positron emission tomography
  • resistin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective- Adiponectin and resistin are adipokines that are linked to obesity, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography is a promising imaging technique that can be used to evaluate vascular inflammation. Methods and Results- We measured adiponectin and resistin levels, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, in 60 obese subjects and 60 nonobese controls. In addition, we compared carotid intima-media thickness and target-to-background ratio (TBR) measured using F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The mean TBR values were significantly higher in the obese group compared with normal subjects, although their mean carotid intima-media thickness levels were not significantly different. Serum adiponectin levels showed a significant negative correlation with mean TBR values (r=-0.215, P=0.020), whereas resistin levels were positively correlated with mean TBR values (r=0.214, P=0.021). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that mean TBR values were independently associated with body mass index, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and resistin levels (R=0.308). Conclusion- Adiponectin and resistin may be useful as biomarkers to reflect vascular inflammation. In particular, resistin levels were independently associated with vascular inflammation even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors.",
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author = "Choi, {Hae Yoon} and Sungeun Kim and Yang, {Sae Jeong} and Hye-Jin Yoo and Seo, {Ji A} and Kim, {Sin Gon} and Kim, {Nan Hee} and Sei-Hyun Baik and Choi, {Dong Seop} and Choi, {Kyung Mook}",
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T2 - Analysis with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography

AU - Choi, Hae Yoon

AU - Kim, Sungeun

AU - Yang, Sae Jeong

AU - Yoo, Hye-Jin

AU - Seo, Ji A

AU - Kim, Sin Gon

AU - Kim, Nan Hee

AU - Baik, Sei-Hyun

AU - Choi, Dong Seop

AU - Choi, Kyung Mook

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N2 - Objective- Adiponectin and resistin are adipokines that are linked to obesity, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography is a promising imaging technique that can be used to evaluate vascular inflammation. Methods and Results- We measured adiponectin and resistin levels, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, in 60 obese subjects and 60 nonobese controls. In addition, we compared carotid intima-media thickness and target-to-background ratio (TBR) measured using F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The mean TBR values were significantly higher in the obese group compared with normal subjects, although their mean carotid intima-media thickness levels were not significantly different. Serum adiponectin levels showed a significant negative correlation with mean TBR values (r=-0.215, P=0.020), whereas resistin levels were positively correlated with mean TBR values (r=0.214, P=0.021). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that mean TBR values were independently associated with body mass index, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and resistin levels (R=0.308). Conclusion- Adiponectin and resistin may be useful as biomarkers to reflect vascular inflammation. In particular, resistin levels were independently associated with vascular inflammation even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors.

AB - Objective- Adiponectin and resistin are adipokines that are linked to obesity, inflammation, and atherosclerosis. F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography is a promising imaging technique that can be used to evaluate vascular inflammation. Methods and Results- We measured adiponectin and resistin levels, as well as traditional cardiovascular risk factors, in 60 obese subjects and 60 nonobese controls. In addition, we compared carotid intima-media thickness and target-to-background ratio (TBR) measured using F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The mean TBR values were significantly higher in the obese group compared with normal subjects, although their mean carotid intima-media thickness levels were not significantly different. Serum adiponectin levels showed a significant negative correlation with mean TBR values (r=-0.215, P=0.020), whereas resistin levels were positively correlated with mean TBR values (r=0.214, P=0.021). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that mean TBR values were independently associated with body mass index, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and resistin levels (R=0.308). Conclusion- Adiponectin and resistin may be useful as biomarkers to reflect vascular inflammation. In particular, resistin levels were independently associated with vascular inflammation even after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors.

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