Association of chronic divalproex sodium use and brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease

Changsu Han, Dong Suk Shim, Soo Jung Lee, Ashwin A. Patkar, Prakash S. Masand, Chi Un Pae

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Divalproex sodium has been widely use for the treatment of bipolar disorder, behavioral control in schizophrenia, seizure and agitation in Alzheimer's disease. With the advent of other mood stabilizers and anticonvulsants, the use of divaplroex sodium has been slightly decreased; however, it has been a major mediation for the treatment of such medical conditions. Beyond symptomatic effects on such neuropsychiatric conditions, it has also been proposed to hold some neurotoxicity effects, including reversible brain atrophy (which may be a serious complication associated with substantial cognitive decline), although it has shown neuroprotective effects. Common adverse events include sedation, tiredness and gastrointestinal symptoms. According to a recent study, divalproex treatment was associated with accelerated brain volume loss over 1 year, which could possibly lead to greater cognitive impairment. Hence, this article will discuss clinical and further research implications of this study, as well as the potential limitations and significance of the research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-158
Number of pages4
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb

Keywords

  • adverse event
  • atrophy
  • cognitive decline
  • divalproex sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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