Association of dexamethasone-induced apoptosis and G1-arrest of human leukemic CEM cells with polyamine deficit

S. H. Choi, J. A. Lee, Y. S. Chae, B. H. Min, Y. S. Chun, B. G. Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The effects of DFMO or/and putrescine on the dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of CEM cells were studied to investigate the role of polyamines in anti-leukemic glucocorticoid action. Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis was preceded by significant decreases of cellular polyamine contents and putrescine uptake activity. But DFMO produced decreases of putrescine and spermidine contents and marked increase of putrescine uptake activity, but did not induce apoptosis. However, dexamethasone and DFMO, respectively, induced G1-arrest in cell cycle and hypophosphorylation of pRb, resulting in the increase of G1 to S ratio and decrease of CEM cell count. DFMO enhanced the dexamethasone-induced apoptosis and G1-arrest. On the other hand, putrescine little affected the apoptotic and G1-arresting activities of dexamethasone, but almost suppress the effects of DFMO and also the DFMO- dependent enhancement of dexamethasone effects. These results suggested that the dexamethasone-induced apoptosis to be associated with pRb hypophosphorylation and G1-arrest in CEM cells might be ascribed to the concomitant decreases of cellular polyamine contents and putrescine uptake activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-466
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997


  • Apoptosis
  • DFMO
  • Dexamethasone
  • Leukemic cell
  • PRb
  • Polyamine
  • Putrescine uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology

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