Objectives: A recent experimental study revealed that family with sequence similarity 19 [chemokine (C-C motif)-like] member A5 (FAM19A5), a novel secreted adipokine, has inhibitory effects on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and on neointima formation in injured arteries. We investigated the associations between serum FAM19A5 concentration and cardio-metabolic risk factors for the first time in human subjects. Methods: Circulating FAM19A5 concentrations and their associations with cardio-metabolic risk factors were explored in 223 individuals (45 without diabetes and 178 with type 2 diabetes). Results: Serum FAM19A5 concentrations (pg/mL) were greater in patients with type 2 diabetes [median (interquartile range), 172.70 (116.19, 286.42)] compared with non-diabetic subjects [92.09 (70.32, 147.24)] (p < 0.001). Increasing serum FAM19A5 tertile was associated with trends of increasing waist-to-hip ratio, fasting plasma glucose, glycated haemoglobin and mean brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. Serum FAM19A5 was positively correlated with waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, alanine aminotransferase, fasting plasma glucose, glycated haemoglobin and mean brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity. Multiple stepwise regression analyses identified waist-to-hip ratio, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity as determining factors for log-transformed serum FAM19A5 concentration (R2 = 0.0689). Conclusion: A novel adipokine FAM19A5 was related to various metabolic and vascular risk factors in humans, suggesting its potential as a biomarker of cardio-metabolic disease.
- type 2 diabetes mellitus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine