Background and objective: The high-affinity IgE receptor comprises a tetramer of the ligand-binding alpha chain, a signal-augmenting beta chain, and a signal-transducing gamma chain dimer on mast cells. We hypothesized that the three subsets of the FCER1 gene may play a role in the development of the aspirin-intolerant asthma (AIA) phenotype and analyzed these genetic polymorphisms in association with clinical parameters in AIA patients. Subjects and methods: Six polymorphisms of FCER1 (FCERIA-344C>T, FCER1A-95T>C, MS4A2-109T>C, MS4A2 E237G, FCER1G-237A>G, FCER1G-54G>T) were genotyped in 126 AIA patients compared to 177 patients with aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) and 222 normal health controls (NC). Results: A significant difference in the genotype frequencies of FCER1G-237A>G was detected between AIA and ATA patients (p < 0.05) both in co-dominant and recessive analysis models, whereas no significant relationships were identified between the frequencies of the other five single-nucleotide polymorphisms and AIA, ATA, and NC subjects. In addition, AIA patients carrying the homozygous AA genotype of FCER1G-237A>G exhibited significantly higher total serum IgE levels than did those with the GG/AG genotype (p = 0.012). AIA patients expressing the CT/TT genotype at FCERIA-344C>T showed a higher prevalence of serum IgE specific to Staphylococcal enterotoxin A than did those with the CC genotype (p = 0.008). Conclusion: The FCER1G-237A>G and FCERIA-344C>T polymorphisms may contribute to the development of AIA in a Korean population.
- Aspirin-intolerant asthma
- Serum total IgE
- Specific IgE to Staphylococcal superantigen
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine