The aim of this study was to determine whether the Fcγ receptors (FCGRs) polymorphisms confer susceptibility to periodontitis in ethnically different populations. We did a literature search using PubMed and Embase, and conducted a meta-analysis on the associations between the FCGR2A H131R (rs1801274), FCGR3A F158V (rs396991), and FCGR3B NA1/NA2 polymorphisms and periodontitis using allele contrast, the recessive model, the dominant model, and the homozygote contrast. A total of 17 separate comparisons with 1,421 patients with periodontitis and 1,454 controls, involving six Caucasian, six East Asian, two African and one South Asian population were considered in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of the FCGR2A H131R polymorphism showed no association between periodontitis and the FCGR2A R allele (OR = 0.987, 95 % CI = 0.881-1.107, p = 0.827). Stratification by ethnicity revealed an association between the RR+RH genotype with periodontitis in Caucasian population (OR = 0.624, 95 % CI = 0.479-0.813, p = 4.7 × 10-5), but not in East Asian, and African populations. Meta-analysis of the FCGR3A F158V polymorphism revealed an association between the FCGR3A V allele and periodontitis is in Caucasians (OR = 1.457, 95 % CI = 1.014-2.092, p = 0.042), but not in East Asians and Africans. In addition, analysis using the dominant model and homozygote contrast showed the same pattern for the FCGR3A V allele. Meta-analysis of the FCGR3B NA1/NA2 polymorphism using the recessive model revealed a significant association between the NA2/NA2 genotype and periodontitis in aggressive periodontitis (OR = 2.853, 95 % CI = 1.673-4.863, 1.1 × 10-5). This meta-analysis demonstrates that the FCGR2A, and FCGR3A polymorphisms may confer susceptibility to periodontitis in Caucasians, and that the FCGR3B polymorphism may be associated with susceptibility to aggressive periodontitis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology