In this letter, we analyze asymptotic ergodic capacity of MIMO amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying systems which employ linear processing at the relay. By exploiting the asymptotic results for eigenvalue distributions, we derive the ergodic capacity in various asymptotic antenna regimes as a closed-form expression with arbitrary system parameters. The analyzed results demonstrate that increasing the number of source antennas causes the capacity shrink phenomenon which is analogous to the channel hardening effect in multi-user MIMO systems. Although we assume asymptotically large antennas to obtain the closed-form expressions, simulation results show that our derived expressions are surprisingly accurate even with the moderate number of antennas, and thus can serve for analyzing practical MIMO relay networks.
- Multiple antennas
- ergodic capacity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics