Atrophic gastritis: A related factor for osteoporosis in elderly women

Hye Won Kim, Yang Hyun Kim, Kyungdo Han, Ga Eun Nam, Gwang Seon Kim, Byoung Duck Han, Anna Lee, Ji Yong Ahn, Byung Joon Ko

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Osteoporosis poses a great threat to the aging society. Hypochlorhydric or achlorhydric conditions are risk factors for osteoporosis. Atrophic gastritis also decreases gastric acid production; however, the role of atrophic gastritis as a related factor for osteoporosis is unclear. We investigated the relationship between atrophic gastritis and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women over 60 years of age. Subjects and Methods: A total of 401 postmenopausal women were included in this cross-sectional study, which was conducted during their medical check-ups. Bone mineral densitometry was measured using a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Atrophic gastritis was defined endoscopically if gastric mucosa in the antrum and the body were found to be atrophied and thinned and submucosal vessels could be well visualized. Results: The proportion of people with atrophic gastritis was higher in the osteoporotic group than in the group without osteoporosis. A linear relationship was observed in the proportion of atrophic gastritis according to the categories of normal, osteopenia, and osteoporosis at the lumbar spine (p for trend = 0.039) and femur (p for trend = 0.001). A multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the presence of atrophic gastritis was associated with an increased odds of osteoporosis after adjusting for age, body mass index, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alcohol consumption, and smoking status (odds ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 1.15-3.11). Conclusions: Atrophic gastritis is associated with an increased likelihood of osteoporosis in Korean elderly women.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere101852
JournalPloS one
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 8

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Kim, H. W., Kim, Y. H., Han, K., Nam, G. E., Kim, G. S., Han, B. D., Lee, A., Ahn, J. Y., & Ko, B. J. (2014). Atrophic gastritis: A related factor for osteoporosis in elderly women. PloS one, 9(7), [e101852]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101852