Attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157

H7 on stainless steel as influenced by exopolysaccharide production, nutrient availability, and temperature

Jee-Hoon Ryu, Hoikyung Kim, Larry R. Beuchat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of exopolysaccharide (EPS) production, nutrient availability, and temperature on attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains ATCC 43895 (wild type) and 43895-EPS (extensive EPS-producing mutant) on stainless steel coupons (SSCs) was investigated. Cells grown on heated lettuce juice agar and modified tryptic soy agar were suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). SSCs were immersed in the cell suspension (109 CFU/ml) at 4°C for 24 h. Biofilm formation by cells attached to SSCs as affected by immersing in 10% tryptic soy broth (TSB), lettuce juice broth (LJB), and minimal salts broth (MSB) at 12 and 22°C was studied. A significantly lower number of strain 43895-EPS cells, compared to strain ATCC 43895 cells, attached to SSCs during a 24-h incubation (4°C) period in PBS suspension. Neither strain formed a biofilm on SSCs subsequently immersed in 10% TSB or LJB, but both strains formed biofilms in MSB. Populations of attached cells and planktonic cells of strain ATCC 43895 gradually decreased during incubation for 6 days in LJB at 22°C, but populations of strain 43895-EPS remained constant for 6 days at 22°C, indicating that the EPS-producing mutant, compared to the wild-type strain, has a higher tolerance to the low-nutrient environment presented by LJB. It is concluded that EPS production by E. coli O157:H7 inhibits attachment to SSCs and that reduced nutrient availability enhances biofilm formation. Biofilms formed under conditions favorable for EPS production may protect E. coli O157:H7 against sanitizers used to decontaminate lettuce and produce processing environments. Studies are under way to test this hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2123-2131
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Food Protection
Volume67
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Escherichia coli O157
exopolysaccharides
Stainless Steel
Lettuce
stainless steel
Biofilms
nutrient availability
biofilm
lettuce
Food
Temperature
juices
temperature
cells
Agar
Suspensions
Salts
Phosphates
agar
phosphates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Attachment and biofilm formation by Escherichia coli O157 : H7 on stainless steel as influenced by exopolysaccharide production, nutrient availability, and temperature. / Ryu, Jee-Hoon; Kim, Hoikyung; Beuchat, Larry R.

In: Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 67, No. 10, 01.10.2004, p. 2123-2131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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