Atypical pathogens as etiologic agents in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia in Korea: A prospective multi-center study

Wook Sohn Jang, Chul Park Seung, Young Hwa Choi, Jeong Woo Heung, Kyun Cho Yong, Soo Lee Jin, Hee Sun Sim, Ja Kim Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Local epidemiologic data on the etiologies of patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is needed to develop guidelines for clinical practice. This study was conducted prospectively to determine the proportion of atypical bacterial pathogens in adults patients hospitalized with CAP in Korea between October 2001 and December 2002. Microbiological diagnosis was determined by serology for antibodies to Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila. Nucleic acid of M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae in respiratory samples and Legionella antigen in urine samples were detected. The study population consisted of 126 patients (71 males, 55 females), averaging 54.6 yr (SD±17.8), whose paired sera were available. An etiologic diagnosis for atypical pathogens was made in 18 patients (14.3%): C. pneumoniae 9 (7.1%), M. pneumoniae 8 (6.3%), and L. pneumophila 3 patients (2.4%). Streptococcus preumoniae and other typical pathogens were isolated from 36 patients (28.6%). Of 126 patients, 16 (12.7%) were admitted to intensive care unit and atypical pathogens were identified in 5 patients (31.3%). Initial clinical features of patients with pneumonia due to atypical, typical or undetermined pathogens were indistinguishable. We conclude that atypical pathogens should be seriously considered in hospitalized patients with CAP, when initiating empiric treatment in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-607
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Chlamydophila pneumoniae
  • Community-Acquired Infections
  • Legionella pneumophila
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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