Au@Pd nanostructures with tunable morphologies and sizes and their enhanced electrocatalytic activity

Do Youb Kim, Shin Wook Kang, Kyeong Woo Choi, Sun Woong Choi, Sang Woo Han, Sang Hyuk Im, O. Ok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a facile method for the synthesis of Au@Pd nanostructures with controlled sizes and morphologies from flower-like to cuboctahedral shape by seed-mediated growth using Au nanospheres as seeds and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) as a surfactant. The use of CPC as a surfactant and its molar ratio with respect to Na2PdCl4 were critical factors to generate the Au@Pd nanostructures with flower-like morphology. In addition, the morphology of Au@Pd nanostructures could be easily controlled by changing the concentration of CPC in the reaction solution, where controlled reduction kinetics according to the concentration of CPC brought variety to the morphology of the Pd shell and eventually the Au@Pd nanostructures. The size of Au@Pd nanostructures could be also readily tuned in a controllable fashion by varying the concentration of Na2PdCl4. We also investigated the morphology-dependent electrocatalytic activities of Au@Pd nanostructures toward ethanol electrooxidation as a probe reaction. Thanks to their larger electroactive surface area and higher density of electroactive sites, the flower-like Au@Pd nanostructures exhibited 2.2 times enhanced electrocatalytic activity per Pd unit mass than cuboctahedral Au@Pd nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7113-7120
Number of pages8
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume15
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 21
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Kim, D. Y., Kang, S. W., Choi, K. W., Choi, S. W., Han, S. W., Im, S. H., & Park, O. O. (2013). Au@Pd nanostructures with tunable morphologies and sizes and their enhanced electrocatalytic activity. CrystEngComm, 15(35), 7113-7120. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ce40986d