Automating the search for a patent’s prior art with a full text similarity search

Lea Helmers, Franziska Horn, Franziska Biegler, Tim Oppermann, Klaus Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

More than ever, technical inventions are the symbol of our society’s advance. Patents guarantee their creators protection against infringement. For an invention being patentable, its novelty and inventiveness have to be assessed. Therefore, a search for published work that describes similar inventions to a given patent application needs to be performed. Currently, this so-called search for prior art is executed with semi-automatically composed keyword queries, which is not only time consuming, but also prone to errors. In particular, errors may systematically arise by the fact that different keywords for the same technical concepts may exist across disciplines. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed, where the full text of a given patent application is compared to existing patents using machine learning and natural language processing techniques to automatically detect inventions that are similar to the one described in the submitted document. Various state-of-the-art approaches for feature extraction and document comparison are evaluated. In addition to that, the quality of the current search process is assessed based on ratings of a domain expert. The evaluation results show that our automated approach, besides accelerating the search process, also improves the search results for prior art with respect to their quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0212103
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Helmers, L., Horn, F., Biegler, F., Oppermann, T., & Muller, K. (2019). Automating the search for a patent’s prior art with a full text similarity search. PLoS ONE, 14(3), [e0212103]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212103