Halogenated solvents are prevailingly used in the fabrication of nonfullerene organic solar cells (NF-OSCs) at the current stage, imposing significant restraints on their practical applications. By copolymerizing phthalimide or thieno[3,4-c]pyrrole-4,6-dione (TPD) with 1,4-di(3-alkoxy-2-thienyl)-2,5-difluorophenylene (DOTFP), which features intramolecular noncovalent interactions, the backbone planarity of the resulting DOTFP-based polymers can be effectively tuned, yielding distinct solubilities, aggregation characters, and chain packing properties. Polymer DOTFP-PhI with a more twisted backbone showed a lower degree of aggregation in solution but an increased film crystallinity than polymer DOTFP-TPD. An organic thin-film transistor and NF-OSC based on DOTFP-PhI, processed with a nonhalogenated solvent, exhibited a high hole mobility up to 1.20 cm2 V-1 s-1 and a promising power conversion efficiency up to 10.65%, respectively. The results demonstrate that DOTFP is a promising building block for constructing wide bandgap polymers and backbone coplanarity tuning is an effective strategy to develop high-performance organic semiconductors processable with a nonhalogenated solvent.
- backbone coplanarity
- noncovalent interaction
- nonfullerene organic solar cells
- nonhalogenated solvent
- organic field-effect transistors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)