Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils

Peng Qin, Hailong Wang, Xing Yang, Lizhi He, Karin Müller, Sabry M. Shaheen, Song Xu, Jörg Rinklebe, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Yong Sik Ok, Nanthi Bolan, Zhaoliang Song, Lei Che, Xiaoya Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochar effect on the potential mobility of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in co-contaminated soils is not well investigated. A laboratory leaching study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biochars derived from bamboo (BB) and pig (PB) on the leachability of DBP, Cd, and Pb through soil columns packed with two soils with low or high organic carbon content (LOC; 0.35% C: HOC; 2.24% C) and spiked with DBP, Cd, and Pb. Application of PB to the LOC soil significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the leaching loss by up to 88% for DBP, 38% for Cd, and 71% for Pb, whereas its impact was insignificant in the HOC soil. The higher efficacy of PB in reducing the leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb in the LOC soil than that of BB might be related to PB's higher specific surface area, surface alkalinity, pH, and mineral contents compared to those of BB. Co-contamination of Cd and Pb enhanced leaching of DBP in the LOC soil treated with PB, possibly by competition for the sorption sites. Leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the LOC soil than in the HOC soil. This study revealed that the effectiveness of biochars was dependent on the soil organic carbon content. Application of PB to the LOC soil was effective in reducing the leaching risk of DBP, Cd, and Pb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)450-459
Number of pages10
JournalChemosphere
Volume198
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

Fingerprint

Dibutyl Phthalate
Bamboo
phthalate
bamboo
Cadmium
pig
Leaching
cadmium
leaching
Soils
soil
Organic carbon
organic carbon
biochar
loss
contaminated soil
soil column
alkalinity
Alkalinity
Specific surface area

Keywords

  • Black carbon
  • Charcoal
  • Mixed pollution
  • Phthalate acid esters
  • Potentially toxic elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils. / Qin, Peng; Wang, Hailong; Yang, Xing; He, Lizhi; Müller, Karin; Shaheen, Sabry M.; Xu, Song; Rinklebe, Jörg; Tsang, Daniel C.W.; Ok, Yong Sik; Bolan, Nanthi; Song, Zhaoliang; Che, Lei; Xu, Xiaoya.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 198, 01.05.2018, p. 450-459.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Qin, P, Wang, H, Yang, X, He, L, Müller, K, Shaheen, SM, Xu, S, Rinklebe, J, Tsang, DCW, Ok, YS, Bolan, N, Song, Z, Che, L & Xu, X 2018, 'Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils', Chemosphere, vol. 198, pp. 450-459. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.01.162
Qin, Peng ; Wang, Hailong ; Yang, Xing ; He, Lizhi ; Müller, Karin ; Shaheen, Sabry M. ; Xu, Song ; Rinklebe, Jörg ; Tsang, Daniel C.W. ; Ok, Yong Sik ; Bolan, Nanthi ; Song, Zhaoliang ; Che, Lei ; Xu, Xiaoya. / Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils. In: Chemosphere. 2018 ; Vol. 198. pp. 450-459.
@article{6ae2d60be43e4efeae0b26c87d3db18e,
title = "Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils",
abstract = "Biochar effect on the potential mobility of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in co-contaminated soils is not well investigated. A laboratory leaching study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biochars derived from bamboo (BB) and pig (PB) on the leachability of DBP, Cd, and Pb through soil columns packed with two soils with low or high organic carbon content (LOC; 0.35{\%} C: HOC; 2.24{\%} C) and spiked with DBP, Cd, and Pb. Application of PB to the LOC soil significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the leaching loss by up to 88{\%} for DBP, 38{\%} for Cd, and 71{\%} for Pb, whereas its impact was insignificant in the HOC soil. The higher efficacy of PB in reducing the leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb in the LOC soil than that of BB might be related to PB's higher specific surface area, surface alkalinity, pH, and mineral contents compared to those of BB. Co-contamination of Cd and Pb enhanced leaching of DBP in the LOC soil treated with PB, possibly by competition for the sorption sites. Leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the LOC soil than in the HOC soil. This study revealed that the effectiveness of biochars was dependent on the soil organic carbon content. Application of PB to the LOC soil was effective in reducing the leaching risk of DBP, Cd, and Pb.",
keywords = "Black carbon, Charcoal, Mixed pollution, Phthalate acid esters, Potentially toxic elements",
author = "Peng Qin and Hailong Wang and Xing Yang and Lizhi He and Karin M{\"u}ller and Shaheen, {Sabry M.} and Song Xu and J{\"o}rg Rinklebe and Tsang, {Daniel C.W.} and Ok, {Yong Sik} and Nanthi Bolan and Zhaoliang Song and Lei Che and Xiaoya Xu",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.01.162",
language = "English",
volume = "198",
pages = "450--459",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bamboo- and pig-derived biochars reduce leaching losses of dibutyl phthalate, cadmium, and lead from co-contaminated soils

AU - Qin, Peng

AU - Wang, Hailong

AU - Yang, Xing

AU - He, Lizhi

AU - Müller, Karin

AU - Shaheen, Sabry M.

AU - Xu, Song

AU - Rinklebe, Jörg

AU - Tsang, Daniel C.W.

AU - Ok, Yong Sik

AU - Bolan, Nanthi

AU - Song, Zhaoliang

AU - Che, Lei

AU - Xu, Xiaoya

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Biochar effect on the potential mobility of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in co-contaminated soils is not well investigated. A laboratory leaching study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biochars derived from bamboo (BB) and pig (PB) on the leachability of DBP, Cd, and Pb through soil columns packed with two soils with low or high organic carbon content (LOC; 0.35% C: HOC; 2.24% C) and spiked with DBP, Cd, and Pb. Application of PB to the LOC soil significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the leaching loss by up to 88% for DBP, 38% for Cd, and 71% for Pb, whereas its impact was insignificant in the HOC soil. The higher efficacy of PB in reducing the leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb in the LOC soil than that of BB might be related to PB's higher specific surface area, surface alkalinity, pH, and mineral contents compared to those of BB. Co-contamination of Cd and Pb enhanced leaching of DBP in the LOC soil treated with PB, possibly by competition for the sorption sites. Leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the LOC soil than in the HOC soil. This study revealed that the effectiveness of biochars was dependent on the soil organic carbon content. Application of PB to the LOC soil was effective in reducing the leaching risk of DBP, Cd, and Pb.

AB - Biochar effect on the potential mobility of dibutyl phthalate (DBP), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in co-contaminated soils is not well investigated. A laboratory leaching study was conducted to evaluate the effect of biochars derived from bamboo (BB) and pig (PB) on the leachability of DBP, Cd, and Pb through soil columns packed with two soils with low or high organic carbon content (LOC; 0.35% C: HOC; 2.24% C) and spiked with DBP, Cd, and Pb. Application of PB to the LOC soil significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the leaching loss by up to 88% for DBP, 38% for Cd, and 71% for Pb, whereas its impact was insignificant in the HOC soil. The higher efficacy of PB in reducing the leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb in the LOC soil than that of BB might be related to PB's higher specific surface area, surface alkalinity, pH, and mineral contents compared to those of BB. Co-contamination of Cd and Pb enhanced leaching of DBP in the LOC soil treated with PB, possibly by competition for the sorption sites. Leaching of DBP, Cd, and Pb were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the LOC soil than in the HOC soil. This study revealed that the effectiveness of biochars was dependent on the soil organic carbon content. Application of PB to the LOC soil was effective in reducing the leaching risk of DBP, Cd, and Pb.

KW - Black carbon

KW - Charcoal

KW - Mixed pollution

KW - Phthalate acid esters

KW - Potentially toxic elements

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041658543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041658543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.01.162

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.01.162

M3 - Article

C2 - 29425945

AN - SCOPUS:85041658543

VL - 198

SP - 450

EP - 459

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -