Basic anion-exchange resin (AER)-supported Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles for the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF) into 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid (FDCA)

Churchil A. Antonyraj, Nhan Thanh Thien Huynh, Seok Kyu Park, Seunghan Shin, Yong Jin Kim, Sangyong Kim, Kwan Young Lee, Jin Ku Cho

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Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles supported on basic anion-exchange resin (AER) have exceptional catalytic activity for the oxidation of 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF) into 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid (FDCA) with an equimolar amount of base. SEM-EDX and TEM analyses show that 5–20 nm Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles are well dispersed both on the resin surface and inside resin spheres by a simple procedure without any assistance of additives. XPS analysis reveals that Au- and Pd metals exist in an alloy form on the AER support, which is confirmed by a comparison study with a mixture of AER-supported monometallic nanoparticles (AER-supported Au and AER-supported Pd). In the presence of a 1:1 ratio of Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles over Amberlite IRA-743 resin with O2 (10 bar) at 373 K in an equimolar Na2CO3 aqueous solution, HMF is oxidized to FDCA with a 93.2% yield. On the other hand, mixture of AER-supported Au and AER-supported Pd affords only a 52% FDCA yield under identical conditions. This catalyst can be used 6 times without any significant loss of activity. FDCA is also obtained from HMF with an 82.9% yield in air (40 bar).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-236
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 25



  • 2,5-Furan dicarboxylic acid (FDCA)
  • 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF)
  • Anion-exchange resin (AER)
  • Au-Pd alloynanoparticles
  • Oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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