One goal of this article is to develop an efficient Metropolis–Hastings (MH) algorithm for estimating an ARMA model with a regime-switching mean, by designing a new efficient proposal distribution for the regime-indicator variable. Unlike the existing algorithm, our algorithm can achieve reasonably fast convergence to the posterior distribution even when the latent regime-indicator variable is highly persistent or when there exist absorbing states. Another goal is to appropriately investigate the dynamics of the latent ex-ante real interest rate (EARR) in the presence of structural breaks, by employing the econometric tool developed. We show that excluding the theory-implied moving-average terms may understate the persistence of the observed EPRR dynamics. Our empirical results suggest that, even though we rule out the possibility of a unit root in the EARR, it may be more persistent and volatile than has been documented in some of the literature.
- Global Metropolis-Hastings algorithm; Proposal distribution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Economics and Econometrics
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty