Bias-Constrained Optimal Fusion Filtering for Decentralized WSN with Correlated Noise Sources

Shunyi Zhao, Yuriy S. Shmaliy, Choon Ki Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose and investigate a robust fusion optimal unbiased finite impulse response (FOUFIR) algorithm, which is composed of robust UFIR filters implemented in smart sensors and a bias-constrained optimal fusion filter (FF) implemented in a local node of a decentralized wireless sensor network (WSN). The algorithm is designed in discrete time-invariant state space for correlated sensor and node noise sources. To convert the model with correlated noise sources to that without the correlation, the method of indefinite coefficient is used. Assuming that the estimates are delivered to a node with no delay and missing data, a bias-constrained optimal FF is designed employing the linear unbiased minimum variance approach. Simulations are provided for a node operating with 12 smart sensors. Experimental verification is given for a WSN composed with 8 sensors of temperature and humidity. It is shown that the FOUFIR algorithm has better robustness against errors in the noise statistics and model uncertainties than the existing fusion and decentralized Kalman filtering algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8323216
Pages (from-to)727-735
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Wireless sensor networks
Fusion reactions
Smart sensors
Impulse response
Sensors
Atmospheric humidity
Statistics
Temperature

Keywords

  • correlated noise
  • Decentralized WSN
  • fusion filtering
  • Kalman filter
  • robustness
  • unbiased FIR filter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing

Cite this

Bias-Constrained Optimal Fusion Filtering for Decentralized WSN with Correlated Noise Sources. / Zhao, Shunyi; Shmaliy, Yuriy S.; Ahn, Choon Ki.

In: IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks, Vol. 4, No. 4, 8323216, 01.12.2018, p. 727-735.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ff096095b2c640618d94bfa97926073e,
title = "Bias-Constrained Optimal Fusion Filtering for Decentralized WSN with Correlated Noise Sources",
abstract = "We propose and investigate a robust fusion optimal unbiased finite impulse response (FOUFIR) algorithm, which is composed of robust UFIR filters implemented in smart sensors and a bias-constrained optimal fusion filter (FF) implemented in a local node of a decentralized wireless sensor network (WSN). The algorithm is designed in discrete time-invariant state space for correlated sensor and node noise sources. To convert the model with correlated noise sources to that without the correlation, the method of indefinite coefficient is used. Assuming that the estimates are delivered to a node with no delay and missing data, a bias-constrained optimal FF is designed employing the linear unbiased minimum variance approach. Simulations are provided for a node operating with 12 smart sensors. Experimental verification is given for a WSN composed with 8 sensors of temperature and humidity. It is shown that the FOUFIR algorithm has better robustness against errors in the noise statistics and model uncertainties than the existing fusion and decentralized Kalman filtering algorithms.",
keywords = "correlated noise, Decentralized WSN, fusion filtering, Kalman filter, robustness, unbiased FIR filter",
author = "Shunyi Zhao and Shmaliy, {Yuriy S.} and Ahn, {Choon Ki}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/TSIPN.2018.2819079",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "727--735",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks",
issn = "2373-776X",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bias-Constrained Optimal Fusion Filtering for Decentralized WSN with Correlated Noise Sources

AU - Zhao, Shunyi

AU - Shmaliy, Yuriy S.

AU - Ahn, Choon Ki

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - We propose and investigate a robust fusion optimal unbiased finite impulse response (FOUFIR) algorithm, which is composed of robust UFIR filters implemented in smart sensors and a bias-constrained optimal fusion filter (FF) implemented in a local node of a decentralized wireless sensor network (WSN). The algorithm is designed in discrete time-invariant state space for correlated sensor and node noise sources. To convert the model with correlated noise sources to that without the correlation, the method of indefinite coefficient is used. Assuming that the estimates are delivered to a node with no delay and missing data, a bias-constrained optimal FF is designed employing the linear unbiased minimum variance approach. Simulations are provided for a node operating with 12 smart sensors. Experimental verification is given for a WSN composed with 8 sensors of temperature and humidity. It is shown that the FOUFIR algorithm has better robustness against errors in the noise statistics and model uncertainties than the existing fusion and decentralized Kalman filtering algorithms.

AB - We propose and investigate a robust fusion optimal unbiased finite impulse response (FOUFIR) algorithm, which is composed of robust UFIR filters implemented in smart sensors and a bias-constrained optimal fusion filter (FF) implemented in a local node of a decentralized wireless sensor network (WSN). The algorithm is designed in discrete time-invariant state space for correlated sensor and node noise sources. To convert the model with correlated noise sources to that without the correlation, the method of indefinite coefficient is used. Assuming that the estimates are delivered to a node with no delay and missing data, a bias-constrained optimal FF is designed employing the linear unbiased minimum variance approach. Simulations are provided for a node operating with 12 smart sensors. Experimental verification is given for a WSN composed with 8 sensors of temperature and humidity. It is shown that the FOUFIR algorithm has better robustness against errors in the noise statistics and model uncertainties than the existing fusion and decentralized Kalman filtering algorithms.

KW - correlated noise

KW - Decentralized WSN

KW - fusion filtering

KW - Kalman filter

KW - robustness

KW - unbiased FIR filter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053740474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85053740474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TSIPN.2018.2819079

DO - 10.1109/TSIPN.2018.2819079

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85053740474

VL - 4

SP - 727

EP - 735

JO - IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks

JF - IEEE Transactions on Signal and Information Processing over Networks

SN - 2373-776X

IS - 4

M1 - 8323216

ER -