Bilateral versus unilateral placement of metal stents for inoperable high-grade malignant hilar biliary strictures: a multicenter, prospective, randomized study (with video)

Tae Hoon Lee, Tae Hyeon Kim, Jong Ho Moon, Sang Hyub Lee, Hyun Jong Choi, Young Hwangbo, Jong Jin Hyun, Jun Ho Choi, Seok Jeong, Jong Hyeok Kim, Do Hyun Park, Joung Ho Han, Sang Heum Park

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    73 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background and Aims The efficacy of palliative biliary drainage by using bilateral or unilateral self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) for a malignant hilar biliary stricture (MHS) remains controversial. This prospective, randomized, multicenter study investigated whether bilateral drainage by using SEMSs is superior to unilateral drainage in patients with inoperable MHSs. Methods Patients with inoperable high-grade MHSs who underwent palliative endoscopic insertion of bilateral or unilateral SEMSs were enrolled. The main outcome measurements were the rate of primary reintervention for malfunction after successful placement of SEMSs, stent patency, technical and clinical success rates, adverse events, and survival duration. Results A total of 133 pathology-diagnosed patients were randomized to the bilateral group (n = 67) or the unilateral group (n = 66). The primary technical success rates were 95.5% (64/67) and 100% (66/66) in the bilateral and unilateral groups, respectively (P =.244). The clinical success rates were 95.3% (61/64) and 84.9% (56/66), respectively (P =.047). The primary reintervention rates based on the per-protocol analysis were 42.6% (26/61) in the bilateral group and 60.3% (38/63) in the unilateral group (P =.049). The median cumulative stent patency duration was 252 days in the bilateral group and 139 days in the unilateral group. The risk of stent patency failure was significantly higher in the unilateral group (log-rank test; P <.01). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model to assess stent patency, bilateral SEMS placement was a favorable factor (adjusted hazard ratio 0.30, 95% confidence interval, 0.172-0.521; P <.001). Survival probability and late adverse events were not different between the 2 groups. Conclusions Unilateral and bilateral drainage strategies by using SEMSs had similar technical success rates, but bilateral drainage resulted in fewer reinterventions and more durable stent patency in patients with inoperable high-grade MHSs. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02166970.)

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)817-827
    Number of pages11
    JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
    Volume86
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Gastroenterology

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