Bio-based composite of stereocomplex polylactide and cellulose nanowhiskers

Purba Purnama, Soo Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The advanced bio-based composite of stereocomplex polylactide containing cellulose nanowhiskers was successfully prepared by supercritical fluid technology. This bio-stereocomplex-nanocomposite material was produced by stereocomplexation of polylactide-graftcellulose nanowhishkers through supercritical carbon dioxide-dichloromethane at 65 °C and 350 bar. The bio-stereocomplex-nanocomposite polylactide was obtained in high stereocomplex degree (100%). The bio-stereocomplex-nanocomposite polylactide exhibits excellent stereocomplex memory which is the main limitation of linear stereocomplex polylactide. It also shows improvement in mechanical properties up to 2.70 GPa (Young's modulus) and thermal degradation temperature. The combination of stereocomplex and nanocomposite approaches offers simultaneous improvement on physical properties. The bio-stereocomplex-nanocomposite polylactide is promising material in the future to replace petroleum-based polymer as eco-friendly materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-435
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Nanowhiskers
cellulose
Cellulose
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
composite materials
Composite materials
Supercritical fluids
supercritical fluids
thermal degradation
Dichloromethane
crude oil
Methylene Chloride
Petroleum
carbon dioxide
modulus of elasticity
Carbon dioxide
Carbon Dioxide
Pyrolysis
Crude oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Bio-based composite of stereocomplex polylactide and cellulose nanowhiskers. / Purnama, Purba; Kim, Soo Hyun.

In: Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 109, 01.01.2014, p. 430-435.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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