The genus Broussonetia of the Moraceae (mulberry family) is of both ethnomedical and industrial interest. Of the approximately 30 species in this genus, only three have been subjected to previous phytochemical investigation, namely, B. kazinoki, B. papyrifera, and B. zeylanica. From over 100 compounds isolated from these species, the major secondary metabolites reported thus far are alkaloids of the pyrrolidine type and several types of flavonoids. Some of these compounds have exhibited various biological activities, such antioxidative, aromatase inhibitory, cytotoxic, glycosidase inhibitory, and platelet aggregation inhibitory effects. The biologically active constituents of the species in the genus Broussonetia are discussed in detail.