Biochar as construction materials for achieving carbon neutrality

Yuying Zhang, Mingjing He, Lei Wang, Jianhua Yan, Bin Ma, Xiaohong Zhu, Yong Sik Ok, Viktor Mechtcherine, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Biochar is a waste-derived material that can sequester carbon at a large scale. The development of low-carbon and sustainable biochar-enhanced construction materials has attracted extensive interest. Biochar, having a porous nature and highly functionalised surface, can provide nucleation sites for chemical reactions and exhibit compatibility with cement, asphalt, and polymer materials. This study critically reviewed the state-of-the-art biochar-enhanced construction materials, including biochar-cement composites, biochar-asphalt composites, biochar-plastic composites, etc. The efficacies and mechanisms of biochar as construction materials were articulated to improve their functional properties. This critical review highlighted the roles of biochar in cement hydration, surface functional groups of engineered biochar for promoting chemical reactions, and value-added merits of biochar-enhanced construction materials (such as humidity regulation, thermal insulation, noise reduction, air/water purification, electromagnetic shielding, and self-sensing). The major properties of biochar are correlated to the features and functionalities of biochar-enhanced construction materials. Further advances in our understanding of biochar’s roles in various composites can foster the next-generation design of carbon–neutral construction materials. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
JournalBiochar
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • Biomass waste management
  • Carbon neutrality
  • Carbon-negative materials
  • Engineered biochar
  • Supplementary cementitious materials
  • Sustainable construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution

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