Biochemical and physical characterizations of fish protein isolate and surimi prepared from fresh and frozen whole fish

Yuka Kobayashi, Jae W. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of frozen storage on the biochemical and physical characterization of fish protein isolate (FPI) and surimi made from tilapia was elucidated: tilapia frozen for 3 mo can be used like fresh fish in the processing of FPI and surimi. The Ca2+ATPase activity continuously reduced throughout the frozen storage up to 3 mo; however, the diminishing trend of Ca2+ATPase activity was slow. According to storage modulus (G'), storing whole fish frozen for 3 mo did not affect the gelling ability of FPI and surimi with 0% salt. The comparable results were observed by surface hydrophobicity, surface reactive sulfhydryl content, and differential scanning calorimetry. The addition of salt into FPI induced higher degrees of denaturation before gelation compared to surimi. Our results suggested that frozen tilapia, if stored up to 3 mo, can be used to make good quality FPI and surimi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-207
Number of pages8
JournalLWT - Food Science and Technology
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fish protein isolate
  • Frozen whole fish
  • Salt
  • Surimi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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