L-Asparaginase from gram-positive bacteria has been poorly explored. We conducted recombinant overexpression and purification of L-asparaginase from Staphylococcus sp. OJ82 (SoAsn) isolated from Korean fermented seafood to evaluate its biotechnological potential as an antileukemic agent. SoAsn was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) with an estimated molecular mass of 37.5 kDa, determined using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Consistent with asparaginases in gram-negative bacteria, size-exclusion chromatography determined SoAsn as a homodimer. Interestingly, the optimal temperature of SoAsn was 37°C and over 90% of activity was retained between 37°C and 50°C, and its thermal stability range was narrower than that of commercial E. coli L-asparaginase (EcAsn). Both SoAsn and EcAsn were active between pH 9 and 10, although their overall pH-dependent enzyme activities were slightly different. The Km value of SoAsn was 2.2 mM, which is higher than that of EcAsn. Among eight metals tested for enzyme activity, cobalt and magnesium greatly enhanced the SoAsn and EcAsn activity, respectively. Interestingly, SoAsn retained more than 60% of its activity under 2 M NaCl condition, but the activity of EcAsn was reduced to 48%. Overall, the biochemical characteristics of SoAsn were similar to those of EcAsn, but its kinetics, cofactor requirements, and NaCl tolerance differed from those of EcAsn.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology