In this study, various factors, such as temperature, pressure, agitation speed, water content, and the concentration and ratio of immobilized ROL and CRL were investigated for the efficient enzymatic production of biodiesel using a supercritical carbon dioxide process. Furthermore, a stepwise reaction method for the maintenance of immobilized lipase activity was optimized. Optimal conditions for biodiesel production were determined to be as follows: 130. bar pressure, 45 °C temperature, 250. rpm agitation speed, 10% water content, and 20% immobilized ROL and CRL (1:1). When batch process was performed under optimal conditions, the biodiesel conversion yield was 99.13% at 3. h. Biodiesel conversion yield was 99.99% at 2. h when 90. mmol methanol was used in a stepwise reaction. Moreover, the conversion yield of biodiesel produced by the repeated recycling of immobilized lipase in the stepwise reactions was 85% after 20 reuses.
- Initial reaction rate
- Supercritical carbon dioxide process
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal