The metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 (mGluR1) is thought to be crucial for several forms of memory, but its role in memory extinction has not been determined. Here, we examined a role of mGluR1 in the extinction of conditioned fear using microinjection of an mGluR1 antagonist, CPCCOEt, into the lateral amygdala (LA), a critical structure for fear conditioning and extinction. Intra-LA injection of 3 μg CPCCOEt impaired extinction that was initiated 48 h after the conditioning, but not that initiated 2 h after the conditioning, indicating that the effectiveness of CPCCOEt depends upon the length of time since fear conditioning. The CPCCOEt injection failed to alter an mGluR1-like receptor (mGluR5)-dependent acquisition of fear memory, further supporting the specificity of the injected CPCCOEt on mGluR1. Together, our results suggest that amygdala mGluR1 plays a critical role in the extinction of learned fear, but not in the acquisition of fear memory.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Mar 30|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology