Introduction: Hemodynamics of left atrial appendage (LAA) is an important factor for future risk of ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Velocity encoded cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (VENC-MRI) can evaluate blood flow volume of LAA without any invasive procedures. We aimed to evaluate the association between radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) and LAA hemodynamics measured by MRI. Methods and Results: Consecutive RFCA cases in a single arrhythmia center were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 3120 AF patients who underwent first RFCA were analyzed. Among these patients 360 patients had both pre- and post-RFCA VENC-MRI evaluation. Atrial fibrillation was non-paroxysmal in 174 (48.3%) patients. Mean VENC-MRI (ml/sec) was significantly improved after RFCA with 49.93 ± 32.92 and 72.00 ± 34.82 for pre- and post-RFCA, respectively. Patients with non-paroxysmal AF (∆VENC-MRI = 14.63 ± 40.67 vs. 30.03 ± 35.37; p <.001) and low pre-RFCA VENC-MRI (∆VENC-MRI = 17.19 ± 38.35 vs. 50.35 ± 29.12; p <.001) had significantly higher improvement in VENC-MRI. Those who experienced late recurrence before post-RFCA MRI had significantly less improvement in LAA flow volume (∆VENC-MRI = 15.55 ± 41.41 vs. 26.18 ± 36.77; p =.011). Late recurrence and pre-RFCA VENC-MRI were significantly associated with ∆VENC-MRI after adjusting covariates. Patients who were AF before RFCA but maintained sinus rhythm after RFCA showed greatest improvement in VENC-MRI. Conclusion: Effective rhythm control through RFCA can be associated with significant improvement in LAA hemodynamics. Low pre-RFCA VENC-MRI and absence of late recurrence were associated with greater improvement in LAA hemodynamics.
- adiofrequency catheter ablation
- atrial fibrillation
- left atrial appendage
- magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)