Blood transfusion has an adverse impact on the prognosis of patients receiving chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer: experience from a single institution with a patient blood management program

Ah Reum Lim, Jwa Hoon Kim, Myung Han Hyun, Won Jin Chang, Soohyeon Lee, Yeul Hong Kim, Kyong Hwa Park, Jong Hoon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Perioperative blood transfusion in early stage cancer patients had a negative effect on the prognosis of patients, but the prognostic impact of transfusion in advanced cancer patients remains unclear. To minimize and guide rational transfusion, an institutional patient blood management (PBM) program was launched, and we evaluated the new program that has changed the practice and impacted on the prognosis of advanced cancer patients. Methods: We investigated the medical records of colorectal cancer patients who received chemotherapy from 2015 to 2020. The amount and frequency of transfusion, iron replacement and laboratory findings, and overall survival were compared before and after implementation of PBM. Results: The rate of transfusion in colorectal cancer patients was significantly decreased from 23.5/100 person-quarter in 2015 to 1.2/100 person-quarter in 2020, but iron supplementation therapy was frequently used, and the proportion of patients who received transfusion under hemoglobin 7 g/dL significantly increased from 15.9% in 2015 to 55.3% in 2020. Multivariate analysis revealed that transfusion was a significant risk factor affecting the overall survival of patients (HR 2.70, 95% CI: 1.93–3.78, p<0.001). Kaplan–Meier analysis revealed that overall survival was significantly longer in non-transfused patients than in transfused patients (11.0 versus 22.4 months; HR 0.69, 95% CI: 0.56–0.86, p<0.001). Conclusions: This study shows that minimized transfusion through an institutional PBM can positively affect the prognosis of patients who are receiving chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5289-5297
Number of pages9
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Advanced colorectal cancer
  • Cancer-related anemia
  • Minimized blood transfusion
  • Patient blood management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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