Body mass index-related mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes and heterogeneity in obesity paradox studies: A dose-response meta-analysis

Yeongkeun Kwon, Hyun Jung Kim, Sungsoo Park, Yong Gyu Park, Kyung Hwan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies to quantify the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risks of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods We included studies assessing the impact of BMI on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Data were combined using a random-effects dose-response model. Results Sixteen cohort studies on all-cause mortality (n = 445,125) and two studies on cardiovascular mortality (n = 92,841) were evaluated in the meta-analysis. A non-linear association was observed between BMI and all-cause mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes. With a BMI nadir of 28-30 kg/m2, the risk of all-cause mortality displayed a U-shaped increase. With a BMI nadir of 29-31 kg/m2, the risk of cardiovascular mortality exhibited a gradual non-linear increase for BMI>31 kg/m2. Subgroup analyses suggested that study location, diabetes duration, and smoking history may have contributed to heterogeneity among the studies. Conclusions An obesity paradox exists for patients with type 2 diabetes with respect to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Study location, diabetes duration, and smoking history might contribute to heterogeneity among obesity paradox studies of patients with type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0168247
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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