Bone availability for mandibular molar distalization in adults with mandibular prognathism

Young Tak Choi, Yoon Ji Kim, Kyung Sook Yang, Dong-Yul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the retromolar space available for molar distalization in patients with mandibular prognathism. Materials and Methods: Using cone-beam computed tomography, the posterior mandibular dimensions in 110 consecutive patients with Class I or Class III malocclusion were measured (mean age, 27.0 6 7.1 years). The shortest linear distances from the distal root of the right mandibular second molar to the inner border of the mandibular cortex were measured at the level of root furcation and 2, 4, and 6 mm apical to the furcation along the sagittal line and the posterior line of occlusion. The retromolar distances were compared between the Class I and Class III malocclusion groups using general linear mixed models. Results: The retromolar space measured through the sagittal line showed no significant intergroup difference. Among the distances measured through the posterior line of occlusion, the space measured at depths 0 and 2 mm to the furcation were significantly greater in the Class III group than in the Class I group. Conclusions: Patients with Class III malocclusion have greater retromolar space for mandibular molar distalization along the posterior line of occlusion only at the level of the second molar furcation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume88
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Camouflage treatment
  • Mandibular prognathism
  • Molar distalization
  • Retromolar space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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