Bronchiolitis: Classification, computed tomographic and histopathologic features, and radiologic approach

Eun Young Kang, Ok Hee Woo, Bong Kyung Shin, Hwan Seok Yong, Yu Whan Oh, Han Kyeom Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The introduction of thin-section computed tomography (CT) has improved the diagnosis of bronchiolitis and contributed to establish bronchiolitis as an important part of pulmonary medicine. The histopathologic groups of bronchiolitis include cellular bronchiolitis, diffuse panbronchiolitis, follicular bronchiolitis, respiratory bronchiolitis, proliferative bronchiolitis, constrictive bronchiolitis, and mineral dust airway disease. Bronchiolitis can be readily identified and may lead to characteristic findings on thin-section CT. Various bronchiolitis manifests as one or a combination of 3 main patterns in thin-section CT: centrilobular nodules and branching densities, ground-glass attenuation and consolidation, and low attenuation and mosaic perfusion pattern.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)32-41
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
    Volume33
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

    Keywords

    • Bronchiolitis
    • Small airway disease
    • Thin-section CT

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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