Bronchiolitis: Classification, computed tomographic and histopathologic features, and radiologic approach

Eun Young Kang, Ok Hee Woo, Bong Kyung Shin, Hwan Seok Yong, Yu Whan Oh, Han Kyeom Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The introduction of thin-section computed tomography (CT) has improved the diagnosis of bronchiolitis and contributed to establish bronchiolitis as an important part of pulmonary medicine. The histopathologic groups of bronchiolitis include cellular bronchiolitis, diffuse panbronchiolitis, follicular bronchiolitis, respiratory bronchiolitis, proliferative bronchiolitis, constrictive bronchiolitis, and mineral dust airway disease. Bronchiolitis can be readily identified and may lead to characteristic findings on thin-section CT. Various bronchiolitis manifests as one or a combination of 3 main patterns in thin-section CT: centrilobular nodules and branching densities, ground-glass attenuation and consolidation, and low attenuation and mosaic perfusion pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-41
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

Keywords

  • Bronchiolitis
  • Small airway disease
  • Thin-section CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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