Burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Mohammad H. Forouzanfar, Stein Emil Vollset, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Farah Daoud, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Ibrahim Khalil, Hideki Higashi, Mohamed Magdy Abd El Razek, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Khurshid Alam, Nadia Akseer, Nawal Al-Hamad, Raghib Ali, Mohammad Abdulaziz Almazroa, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Abdullah A. Al-Rabeeah, Ubai Alsharif, Khalid A. AltirkawiSuleman Atique, Alaa Badawi, Lope H. Barrero, Mohammed Basulaiman, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M. Bensenor, Rachelle Buchbinder, Hadi Danawi, Samath D. Dharmaratne, Faiez Zannad, Maryam S. Farvid, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Farshad Farzadfar, Florian Fischer, Rahul Gupta, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Masako Horino, Damian G. Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Mehdi Javanbakht, Jost B. Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Jagdish Khubchandani, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Jacek A. Kopec, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Kedar Mate, Alem Mehari, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A. Memish, Mojde Mirarefin, Shafiu Mohammed, Aliya Naheed, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, In Hwan Oh, Eun Kee Park, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Rahman Shiri, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M. Rana, Sadaf G. Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Ivy Shiue, Abla Mehio Sibai, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Jasvinder A. Singh, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Kingsley N. Ukwaja, Ronny Westerman, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Stephen S. Lim, Haidong Wang, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Alan D. Lopez, Christopher J.L. Murray, Ali H. Mokdad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 to report the burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods The burden of musculoskeletal disorders was calculated for the EMR's 22 countries between 1990 and 2013. A systematic analysis was performed on mortality and morbidity data to estimate prevalence, death, years of live lost, years lived with disability and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Results For musculoskeletal disorders, the crude DALYs rate per 100 000 increased from 1297.1 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 924.3-1703.4) in 1990 to 1606.0 (95% UI 1141.2-2130.4) in 2013. During 1990-2013, the total DALYs of musculoskeletal disorders increased by 105.2% in the EMR compared with a 58.0% increase in the rest of the world. The burden of musculoskeletal disorders as a proportion of total DALYs increased from 2.4% (95% UI 1.7-3.0) in 1990 to 4.7% (95% UI 3.6-5.8) in 2013. The range of point prevalence (per 1000) among the EMR countries was 28.2-136.0 for low back pain, 27.3-49.7 for neck pain, 9.7-37.3 for osteoarthritis (OA), 0.6-2.2 for rheumatoid arthritis and 0.1-0.8 for gout. Low back pain and neck pain had the highest burden in EMR countries. Conclusions This study shows a high burden of musculoskeletal disorders, with a faster increase in EMR compared with the rest of the world. The reasons for this faster increase need to be explored. Our findings call for incorporating prevention and control programmes that should include improving health data, addressing risk factors, providing evidence-based care and community programmes to increase awareness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1373
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the rheumatic diseases
Volume76
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Gout
  • Low Back Pain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Moradi-Lakeh, M., Forouzanfar, M. H., Vollset, S. E., El Bcheraoui, C., Daoud, F., Afshin, A., Charara, R., Khalil, I., Higashi, H., Abd El Razek, M. M., Kiadaliri, A. A., Alam, K., Akseer, N., Al-Hamad, N., Ali, R., Almazroa, M. A., Alomari, M. A., Al-Rabeeah, A. A., Alsharif, U., ... Mokdad, A. H. (2017). Burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Annals of the rheumatic diseases, 76(8), 1365-1373. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2016-210146