Objective: We evaluated the relationship between calprotectin levels and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the correlation between plasma/serum calprotectin and RA activity. Methods: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases and performed meta-analyses comparing plasma/serum or synovial fluid calprotectin levels in RA patients and controls, and correlation coefficients between calprotectin levels and disease activity for 28 joints (DAS28) as well as C-reactive protein (CRP) in RA patients. Results: Sixteen studies including 849 RA patients and 266 controls were available for meta-analysis. Meta-analysis showed that calprotectin levels were significantly higher in the RA group than in the control group (SMD = 2.337, 95% CI = 1.544–3.130, p < 1.0 × 10–8). Stratification by rheumatoid factor (RF) status revealed significantly elevated calprotectin levels in the RF-positive RA group compared to that of the RF-negative RA group (SMD = 0.574, 95% CI = 0.345–0.804, p = 9.2 × 10–7). Meta-analysis of correlation coefficients identified a significant positive correlation between calprotectin levels and CRP or DAS28 (correlation coefficient for CRP = 0.566, 95% CI = 0.512–0.615, p < 1.0 × 10–8; correlation coefficient for DAS28 = 0.438, 95% CI = 0.269–0.518, p = 2.5 × 10–6). Calprotectin levels in synovial fluid were significantly higher in the RA group than in the control group (SMD = 2.891, 95% CI = 1.067–4.715, p = 0.002). Conclusions: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that circulating and synovial fluid calprotectin levels are high in patients with RA, and that circulating calprotectin levels positively correlate with RA activity.
- rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas