PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of natural killer cell activity (NKA) in diagnosing prostate cancer (PC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent transrectal prostate biopsy (TRBx) at Korea University Ansan Hospital between May 2017 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. NKA levels were measured using NK VueR Tubes (ATgen, Sungnam, Korea). All blood samples were obtained at 8 AM on the day of biopsy. Patients with other malignancies, chronic inflammatory conditions, high prostate-specifi c antigen (PSA) level (>20ng/mL), or history of taking 5-alphareductase inhibitor or testosterone replacement therapy were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients who underwent TRBx for PC diagnosis were enrolled. Among them, 50 were diagnosed with PC. Significant differences in age and NKA level were observed between the PC and no-PC groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off of NKA level for the prediction of PC was 500pg/dL, with a sensitivity of 68.0% and a specifi city of 73.1%. In addition, NKA level (0.630) had the greatest area under the ROC curve compared to those for the ratio of total PSA to free PSA (0.597) and PSA density (0.578). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this pilot study revealed that low NKA and high PSA levels were likely to be associated with a positive TRBx outcome. NKA detection was easy and improved the diagnostic accuracy of PC.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Mar 1|
- Killer Cells, Natural
- Mass Screening
- Prostate neoplasm
ASJC Scopus subject areas