Can the preoperative fundus extorsion in infantile esotropia predict the development of postoperative inferior oblique overaction and dissociated vertical deviation?

Yoonae A. Cho, Youngsub Eom, Young Woo Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between fundus extorsion before surgery and the development of inferior oblique overaction (IOOA) and dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) after surgery in patients with infantile esotropia. Design: Retrospective comparative observational study. Participants: Forty patients who had not had preoperative IOOA or DVD, and had undergone surgery for infantile esotropia were included. Methods: A fundus examination was carried out under general anesthesia before surgery. There were 21 subjects with preoperative fundus extorsion (extorsion group), and 19 subjects without torsion (no torsion group). The development of IOOA and DVD after surgery was evaluated. Results: After surgery, IOOA developed in 14 patients (66.7%) and DVD in 17 patients (80%) in the extorsion group. In contrast, IOOA developed in 2 patients (10.5%) and DVD in 6 patients (31.6%) in the no torsion group (p < 0.001, p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: When patients with infantile esotropia had fundus extorsion assessed on general anesthesia before surgery, IOOA and DVD were more likely to develop after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-418
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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