To overcome various limitations of conventional viscometers in measuring salted or unsalted surimi paste, a capillary extrusion viscometer was developed. The viscosity of surimi paste was measured as a function of moisture content (MC) (75-80%), salt content (2-4%) and liquid egg white (LEW) content (2-4%). As moisture, salt and LEW contents increased, viscosity gradually decreased. The viscosity values, as affected by MCs, showed a highly negative relationship with fracture properties of surimi gel, especially shear stress from the torsion test, indicating that MC is linearly correlated to the strength of gels at fracture. This easy and quick viscosity measurement can effectively facilitate the production control of comminuted muscle foods, including surimi paste. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS There had been a difficulty to measure the exact viscosity of comminuted muscle food pastes when conventional viscometers were used. This was due to the non-linearity between dilution rates and viscosity of muscle paste, or limited range of shear rate during viscosity measurement. New developed small capillary extrusion viscometer can measure a wide range of comminuted muscle paste viscosity. When using this capillary viscometer, flow behavior of non-Newtonian surimi paste and other comminuted muscle paste can be well defined.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality