Proper and timely assembly of the kidney vasculature with their respective nephrons is crucial during normal kidney development. In this study, we investigated the effects of enalapril (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) on angiogenesis-related gene expression and microvascular endothelium related to glomeular and tubular changes in the neonatal rat kidney. Enalapril-treated rats had higher tubular injury scores and lower glomerular maturity grades than those of untreated rats. In the enalapril-treated group, intrarenal angiopoietin-2, Tie-2, and thrombospondin-1 protein expression increased, whereas intrarenal angiopoietin-1 protein expression decreased. JG12-positive glomerular and peritubular capillary staining was reduced in the enalapril-treated rat kidney. The number of JG12-positive capillary endothelial cells was directly correlated with glomerular maturation grade and was inversely related with the tubular injury. Our findings suggest the imbalance between pro- and anti-angiogenic factors may be implicated in the loss of capillaries in associated with impaired nephrogenesis after angiotensin II blockade in the developing rat kidney.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Histology|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Apr 1|
- Renin-angiotensin system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology