Carbazole linked phenylquinoline-based fullerene derivatives as acceptors for bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells: Effect of interfacial contacts on device performance

Pachagounder Sakthivel, Kakaraparthi Kranthiraja, Chinnusamy Saravanan, Kumarasamy Gunasekar, Hong Il Kim, Won Suk Shin, Ji Eun Jeong, Han Young Woo, Sung Ho Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

To understand the effect of interfacial contact between the hole transporting layer (HTL) and fullerene derivatives in the active layer of bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells (BHJ PSCs), carbazole (Cz) linked phenylquinoline (PhQ)-based fullerene derivatives, PhQHCz-C 61 BM and PhQEOCz-C 61 BM, have been successfully synthesized. They are used as acceptors with a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) donor in the active layer, and PEDOT:PSS and MoO 3 were used as the HTL. Both the derivatives are highly soluble in common organic solvents and possess high thermal stability. BHJ PSCs are fabricated with configurations of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and the device characteristics were measured under AM1.5G (100 mW cm -2 ). Both derivatives exhibited much lower power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of ∼0.1% when PEDOT:PSS was employed as the HTL. In contrast, the PCE increases to ∼2.2% upon replacing PEDOT:PSS with MoO 3 as the HTL. This is due to the fact that protonation of the pyridyl nitrogen of the acceptor in the active layer by the -SO 3 H group of PEDOT:PSS in the HTL, establishes a charge injection barrier at the interfacial contact and leads to restricted charge collection at the electrodes. This was indirectly confirmed by protonation of pyridyl nitrogen in PhQHCz-C 61 BM by the -SO 3 H group in p-toluenesulphonic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6916-6921
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 21
Externally publishedYes

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Fullerenes
Heterojunctions
Derivatives
Protonation
Conversion efficiency
Nitrogen
Charge injection
Organic solvents
Thermodynamic stability
Electrodes
Acids
Polymer solar cells
carbazole
poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate)
poly(3-hexylthiophene)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Carbazole linked phenylquinoline-based fullerene derivatives as acceptors for bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells : Effect of interfacial contacts on device performance. / Sakthivel, Pachagounder; Kranthiraja, Kakaraparthi; Saravanan, Chinnusamy; Gunasekar, Kumarasamy; Kim, Hong Il; Shin, Won Suk; Jeong, Ji Eun; Woo, Han Young; Jin, Sung Ho.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, No. 19, 21.05.2014, p. 6916-6921.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakthivel, Pachagounder ; Kranthiraja, Kakaraparthi ; Saravanan, Chinnusamy ; Gunasekar, Kumarasamy ; Kim, Hong Il ; Shin, Won Suk ; Jeong, Ji Eun ; Woo, Han Young ; Jin, Sung Ho. / Carbazole linked phenylquinoline-based fullerene derivatives as acceptors for bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells : Effect of interfacial contacts on device performance. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2014 ; Vol. 2, No. 19. pp. 6916-6921.
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abstract = "To understand the effect of interfacial contact between the hole transporting layer (HTL) and fullerene derivatives in the active layer of bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells (BHJ PSCs), carbazole (Cz) linked phenylquinoline (PhQ)-based fullerene derivatives, PhQHCz-C 61 BM and PhQEOCz-C 61 BM, have been successfully synthesized. They are used as acceptors with a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) donor in the active layer, and PEDOT:PSS and MoO 3 were used as the HTL. Both the derivatives are highly soluble in common organic solvents and possess high thermal stability. BHJ PSCs are fabricated with configurations of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and the device characteristics were measured under AM1.5G (100 mW cm -2 ). Both derivatives exhibited much lower power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of ∼0.1{\%} when PEDOT:PSS was employed as the HTL. In contrast, the PCE increases to ∼2.2{\%} upon replacing PEDOT:PSS with MoO 3 as the HTL. This is due to the fact that protonation of the pyridyl nitrogen of the acceptor in the active layer by the -SO 3 H group of PEDOT:PSS in the HTL, establishes a charge injection barrier at the interfacial contact and leads to restricted charge collection at the electrodes. This was indirectly confirmed by protonation of pyridyl nitrogen in PhQHCz-C 61 BM by the -SO 3 H group in p-toluenesulphonic acid.",
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AU - Kranthiraja, Kakaraparthi

AU - Saravanan, Chinnusamy

AU - Gunasekar, Kumarasamy

AU - Kim, Hong Il

AU - Shin, Won Suk

AU - Jeong, Ji Eun

AU - Woo, Han Young

AU - Jin, Sung Ho

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AB - To understand the effect of interfacial contact between the hole transporting layer (HTL) and fullerene derivatives in the active layer of bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells (BHJ PSCs), carbazole (Cz) linked phenylquinoline (PhQ)-based fullerene derivatives, PhQHCz-C 61 BM and PhQEOCz-C 61 BM, have been successfully synthesized. They are used as acceptors with a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) donor in the active layer, and PEDOT:PSS and MoO 3 were used as the HTL. Both the derivatives are highly soluble in common organic solvents and possess high thermal stability. BHJ PSCs are fabricated with configurations of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQHCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, ITO/MoO 3 /P3HT:PhQEOCz-C 61 BM/LiF/Al, and the device characteristics were measured under AM1.5G (100 mW cm -2 ). Both derivatives exhibited much lower power conversion efficiencies (PCE) of ∼0.1% when PEDOT:PSS was employed as the HTL. In contrast, the PCE increases to ∼2.2% upon replacing PEDOT:PSS with MoO 3 as the HTL. This is due to the fact that protonation of the pyridyl nitrogen of the acceptor in the active layer by the -SO 3 H group of PEDOT:PSS in the HTL, establishes a charge injection barrier at the interfacial contact and leads to restricted charge collection at the electrodes. This was indirectly confirmed by protonation of pyridyl nitrogen in PhQHCz-C 61 BM by the -SO 3 H group in p-toluenesulphonic acid.

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