Carbazolevinylene-based polymers and model compounds with oxadiazole and triphenylamine segments: Synthesis, photophysics, and electroluminescence

Panagiotis D. Vellis, John A. Mikroyannidis, Min Ju Cho, Dong Hoon Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two new soluble alternating carbazolevinylene-based polymers POXD and PTPA as well as the corresponding model compounds MOXD and MTPA were synthesized by Heck coupling. POXD and MOXD contained 2,5-diphenyloxadiazole segments, while PTPA and MTPA contained triphenylamine segments. All samples displayed high thermal stability. The polymers had higher glass transition temperature (T g) than their corresponding model compounds. The samples showed absorption maximum at 364-403 nm with optical band gap of 2.62-2.82 eV. They emitted bluegreen light with photoluminescence (PL) emission maximum at 450-501 nm and PL quantum yields in THF solution of 0.15-0.36. The absorption and the PL emission maxima of PTPA and MTPA were blue-shifted as compared to those of POXD and MOXD. The electroluminescence (EL) spectra of multilayered devices made using four materials exhibited bluish green emissions, which is well consistent with PL spectra. The EL devices made using poly(vinyl carbazole) doped with MOXD and MTPA as emitting materials showed luminances of 12.1 and 4.8 cd m -2. POXD and PTPA exhibited 25.4, and 96.3 cd m-2, respectively. The polymer containing the corresponding molecules in the repeating group showed much higher device performances. Additionally, POXD and MOXD exhibited better stability of external quantum efficiency (EQE) and luminous efficiency with current density resulting from enhancing the electron transporting properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5592-5603
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume46
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 15

Fingerprint

Oxadiazoles
Electroluminescence
Photoluminescence
Polymers
Optical band gaps
Quantum yield
Quantum efficiency
Luminance
Thermodynamic stability
Current density
Molecules
Electrons

Keywords

  • Carbazolevinylene polymers
  • Conjugated polymers
  • Electroluminescence
  • Heck coupling
  • Light-emitting diodes
  • Oxadiazole
  • Photophysics
  • Synthesis
  • Triphenylamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Carbazolevinylene-based polymers and model compounds with oxadiazole and triphenylamine segments : Synthesis, photophysics, and electroluminescence. / Vellis, Panagiotis D.; Mikroyannidis, John A.; Cho, Min Ju; Choi, Dong Hoon.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 16, 15.08.2008, p. 5592-5603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Two new soluble alternating carbazolevinylene-based polymers POXD and PTPA as well as the corresponding model compounds MOXD and MTPA were synthesized by Heck coupling. POXD and MOXD contained 2,5-diphenyloxadiazole segments, while PTPA and MTPA contained triphenylamine segments. All samples displayed high thermal stability. The polymers had higher glass transition temperature (T g) than their corresponding model compounds. The samples showed absorption maximum at 364-403 nm with optical band gap of 2.62-2.82 eV. They emitted bluegreen light with photoluminescence (PL) emission maximum at 450-501 nm and PL quantum yields in THF solution of 0.15-0.36. The absorption and the PL emission maxima of PTPA and MTPA were blue-shifted as compared to those of POXD and MOXD. The electroluminescence (EL) spectra of multilayered devices made using four materials exhibited bluish green emissions, which is well consistent with PL spectra. The EL devices made using poly(vinyl carbazole) doped with MOXD and MTPA as emitting materials showed luminances of 12.1 and 4.8 cd m -2. POXD and PTPA exhibited 25.4, and 96.3 cd m-2, respectively. The polymer containing the corresponding molecules in the repeating group showed much higher device performances. Additionally, POXD and MOXD exhibited better stability of external quantum efficiency (EQE) and luminous efficiency with current density resulting from enhancing the electron transporting properties.

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