Carbon nanotube-based nanocomposite desalination membranes from layer-by-layer assembly

Junwoo Park, Wansuk Choi, Jinhan Cho, Byung Hee Chun, Sung Hyun Kim, Ki Bong Lee, Joona Bang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, we fabricated the nanocomposite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes based on the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and polyelectrolytes (PEs). The CNTs were incorporated to enhance the mechanical strength and the chlorine resistance of multilayered RO membranes. To fabricate the MWCNT-based nanocomposite multilayers, poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were used as positively and negatively charged PEs, respectively, and the surface of MWCNTs was modified with carboxylic group. During the LbL assembly process, 1 wt % of carboxylated MWCNTs relative to PAA were used and (MWCNT-PAA/PAH)n multilayers membranes with 10, 15, and 20 bilayers were prepared. The existence of MWCNTs in multilayers was confirmed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and we observed the improvement in thermal stability of multilayers after incorporation of MWCNTs. The salt rejection and permeate flux of these membranes were measured by a homemade RO test cell. To examine the chemical resistance to chlorine, (MWCNT-PAA/PAH)n multilayers were immersed in 3,000 ppm sodium hypochloride (NaOCl) solutions for 4 h. Consequently, it was found that the salt rejection of (MWCNT-PAA/PAH)n membranes decreases by 16.2%, 15.2% and 9.9% for 10, 15 and 20 bilayers, respectively, while the conventional polyamide membrane exhibited 21.8% decreases in the salt rejection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume15
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotube
  • Nanocomposite multilayers
  • Polyelectrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

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