Carbon/two-dimensional MoTe2 core/shell-structured microspheres as an anode material for Na-ion batteries

Jung Sang Cho, Hyeon Seok Ju, Jung Kul Lee, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unique-structured composite microspheres of carbon and MoTe2 were prepared by a two-step process. Precursor C-MoOx composite microspheres were prepared by spray pyrolysis, and then the precursor was transformed into C-MoTe2 composite microspheres by a tellurization process. C-MoTe2 composites with a uniform distribution of MoTe2 nanocrystals (C/MoTe2) and core-shell-structured C-MoTe2 composites (C@MoTe2) were synthesized at tellurization temperatures of 450 and 600 °C, respectively. At a higher tellurization temperature of 600 °C, all of the MoTe2 nanocrystals moved to the surface of the microsphere because of the Ostwald ripening process. The initial discharge capacities of the C/MoTe2, C@MoTe2, and bare MoTe2 (i.e., containing no carbonaceous materials) powders for Na-ion storage at a current density of 1.0 A g-1 were 328, 388, and 341 mA h g-1, respectively. The discharge capacities of the C/MoTe2, C@MoTe2, and bare MoTe2 powders for the 200th cycle were 241, 286, and 104 mA h g-1, respectively, and the corresponding capacity retentions, which were measured from the second cycle were 100%, 99%, and 37%, respectively. The high structural stability and well-developed two-dimensional layer of MoTe2 of the C@MoTe2 microspheres provide superior Na-ion storage properties compared to those of the C/MoTe2 microspheres and bare MoTe2 powder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1942-1950
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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