Carburization, melting and dripping of iron through coke bed

Minsoo Shin, Joon Seok Oh, Joonho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The carburizing, melting, and dripping behavior of iron through graphite and coke beds was investigated by an in-situ observation technique with increasing temperature from room temperature to 1 773 K. An iron sample placed on the graphite bed was fully melted at 1 490 K, whereas that on the coke bed was not melted at 1 773 K. From the microscopic analysis of the sample after experiments, it was revealed that solid ash formed at the metal-coke interface prevented the carburization and melting of the iron sample. In order to examine the role of gangue and flux materials in sinter, iron samples mixed with slag powders at different weight fractions (15, 30, and 50 wt%) were prepared and similar experiments were carried out. The sample containing 15 wt% slag powders was not melted, but the samples containing 30 and 50 wt% slag powders were carburized and fully melted at 1 773 K after holding the sample at that temperature for 342 and 37 s, respectively. It was considered that the liquid slag absorbed solid ash formed at the coke surface, yielding carburization and melting of the iron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2056-2063
Number of pages8
JournalISIJ International
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Carburization
  • Coke
  • Dripping
  • Melting
  • Solid iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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