Disseminated herpes zoster is not rare in immunocompromised patient. It is defined as at least 20 lesions in multiple dermatomes that occur within a week of the onset of local eruption. Herein, we report that a case of disseminated vesicles of herpes zoster (HZ) that developed one day before the onset of local eruption in an immunocompromised patient. A 44 year-old Japanese male, who had been in the hospital with acute myelocytic leukemia, developed disseminated hemorrhagic vesicles of 5 to 10 mm in diameter. The next day, grouped vesicles, including hemorrhagic vesicles erupted on the right side of the second to third cervical (C2-C3) dermatomes. At this point, the diagnosis was made as disseminated herpes zoster. The activation of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is believed to be due to waning of VZV-specific memory T cell responses. In our case, the memory immunity to VZV which had been increased by last episode of HZ might affect on the appearance of skin eruptions.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Jul|
- Disseminated herpes zoster
- Generalized herpes zoster
- VZV-specific memory T cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas