Catalytic pyrolysis of brown algae using carbon dioxide and oyster shell

Dongho Choi, In Hyun Nam, Young Kwon Park, Yong Sik Ok, Jechan Lee, Eilhann E. Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this work, the pyrolysis of brown algae (Saccharina japonica (S. japonica)) was investigated to recover energy as a form of syngas (H2 and CO). For this, this work emphasizes the use of CO2 as a pyrolysis medium and oyster shell as a catalytic material in the pyrolysis of S. japonica. Pyrogenic products generated from the catalytic pyrolysis of S. japonica in N2 and CO2 were characterized. In particular, the enhanced generation of CO was substantial at 720 °C. This enhanced generation of CO was most likely because of the enhanced thermal cracking of volatile matter that evolved during the catalytic pyrolysis of S. japonica. The enhanced CO generation was likely catalytically expedited by biogenic salts such as calcite (CaCO3) in the oyster shell. The introduced approach for exploiting CO2 in the catalytic pyrolysis could be a more sustainable option to treat algal biomass such as brown algae and develop an effective waste-to-energy strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-675
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

Fingerprint

brown alga
Algae
Carbon Dioxide
pyrolysis
Carbon dioxide
Pyrolysis
carbon dioxide
shell
Carbon Monoxide
Calcium Carbonate
Calcite
energy
Biomass
calcite
Salts
salt
biomass

Keywords

  • Algal biomass
  • Brown algae
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Catalytic pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Catalytic pyrolysis of brown algae using carbon dioxide and oyster shell. / Choi, Dongho; Nam, In Hyun; Park, Young Kwon; Ok, Yong Sik; Lee, Jechan; Kwon, Eilhann E.

In: Journal of CO2 Utilization, Vol. 34, 01.12.2019, p. 668-675.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choi, Dongho ; Nam, In Hyun ; Park, Young Kwon ; Ok, Yong Sik ; Lee, Jechan ; Kwon, Eilhann E. / Catalytic pyrolysis of brown algae using carbon dioxide and oyster shell. In: Journal of CO2 Utilization. 2019 ; Vol. 34. pp. 668-675.
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