Catalytic reduction of nitrite in water over ceria- and ceria-zirconia-supported Pd catalysts

Jiyeon Lee, Young Gul Hur, Min Sung Kim, Kwan Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we tested Pd/Ce1 - xZrxO2 catalysts (x = 0, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7) for nitrite reduction in water. The Ce1 - xZrxO2 was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, and Pd was impregnated on the support using the deposition-precipitation method. The introduction of Zr into the ceria lattice of the catalyst with x = 0.3 and 0.5 distorted the lattice structure, accordingly, both the catalysts easily reduced nitrite than the pure CeO2 supported Pd catalyst. In contrast, the Pd/Ce0.3Zr0.7O2 (x = 0.7) catalyst became difficult to reduce as the tetragonal ZrO2 phase was dominant in the catalyst structure. These phenomena led to the difference in the amount of oxygen vacancies on the surface of the catalyst. In the nitrite reduction test, the catalyst containing more oxygen vacancies showed higher activity. The relationships between the catalytic activities and the surface properties with composition of the support over Pd/Ce1 - xZrxO2 catalysts were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
Volume399
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Fingerprint

nitrites
Cerium compounds
Nitrites
Catalyst supports
zirconium oxides
Zirconia
catalysts
Catalysts
Water
water
Oxygen vacancies
Catalyst activity
zirconium oxide
Coprecipitation
oxygen
Surface properties
Raman spectroscopy
surface properties
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
catalytic activity

Keywords

  • CeZrO
  • Hydrogenation
  • Nitrite reduction
  • Oxygen vacancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Catalytic reduction of nitrite in water over ceria- and ceria-zirconia-supported Pd catalysts. / Lee, Jiyeon; Hur, Young Gul; Kim, Min Sung; Lee, Kwan Young.

In: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, Vol. 399, 01.01.2015, p. 48-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - In this study, we tested Pd/Ce1 - xZrxO2 catalysts (x = 0, 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7) for nitrite reduction in water. The Ce1 - xZrxO2 was synthesized by the co-precipitation method, and Pd was impregnated on the support using the deposition-precipitation method. The introduction of Zr into the ceria lattice of the catalyst with x = 0.3 and 0.5 distorted the lattice structure, accordingly, both the catalysts easily reduced nitrite than the pure CeO2 supported Pd catalyst. In contrast, the Pd/Ce0.3Zr0.7O2 (x = 0.7) catalyst became difficult to reduce as the tetragonal ZrO2 phase was dominant in the catalyst structure. These phenomena led to the difference in the amount of oxygen vacancies on the surface of the catalyst. In the nitrite reduction test, the catalyst containing more oxygen vacancies showed higher activity. The relationships between the catalytic activities and the surface properties with composition of the support over Pd/Ce1 - xZrxO2 catalysts were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses.

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