The hydrodeoxygenation of lignin monomer guaiacol via catalytic transfer hydrogenation was studied with 2-propanol as a hydrogen donor and Ru-based catalysts. Guaiacol was mainly converted into a partially deoxygenated product, cyclohexanol (> 70% selectivity), over Ru/C catalysts with the hydrogen produced in-situ from 2-propanol. An addition of Re to Ru/C catalysts significantly enhanced the rate of C—O hydrogenolysis, resulting in the complete deoxygenation to cyclohexane (~ 60% selectivity). The remarkable deoxygenation ability of the bimetallic RuRe/C catalyst is attributed to its bifunctional characteristic, by which Ru catalyzes the hydrogenation-hydrogenolysis of guaiacol and Re provides acid sites to promote cyclohexane production via hydrogenolysis.
- Transfer hydrogenation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology