Combined treatment of anticancer drugs and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have emerged as a new modality of anticancer therapy. Here, we describe a co-delivery system of anticancer drugs and siRNA in which anticancer drug-derived lipids form cationic nanoparticles for siRNA complexation. The anticancer drug mitoxantrone (MTO) was conjugated to palmitoleic acid, generating two types of palmitoleyl MTO (Pal-MTO) lipids: monopalmitoleyl MTO (mono-Pal-MTO) and dipalmitoleyl MTO (di-Pal-MTO). Among various lipid compositions of MTO, nanoparticles containing mono-Pal-MTO and di-Pal-MTO at a molar ratio of 1:1 (md11-Pal-MTO nanoparticles) showed the most efficient cellular delivery of siRNA, higher than that of Lipofectamine 2000. Delivery of red fluorescence protein-specific siRNA into B16F10-RFP cells using md11-Pal-MTO nanoparticles reduced the expression of RFP at both mRNA and protein levels, demonstrating silencing of the siRNA target gene. Moreover, delivery of Mcl-1-specific anticancer siRNA (siMcl-1) using md11-Pal-MTO enhanced antitumor activity in vitro, reducing tumor cell viability by 81% compared to a reduction of 68% following Lipofectamine 2000-mediated transfection of siMcl-1. Intratumoral administration of siMcl-1 using md11-Pal-MTO nanoparticles significantly inhibited tumor growth, reducing tumor size by 83% compared to untreated controls. Our results suggest the potential of md11-Pal-MTO multifunctional nanoparticles for co-delivery of anticancer siRNAs for effective combination therapy.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Dec|
- Anticancer chemo-gene therapy
- Multifunctional nanoparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials