CD81 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene in human gastric cancer

Tae Hyoung Yoo, Byung Kyu Ryu, Min Goo Lee, Sung Gil Chi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: CD81 is a transmembrane protein that serves as a putative receptor for hepatitis C virus. In addition, CD81 has been suggested to be involved in a broad range of other cellular functions. Its putative implication in tumorigenesis has so far, however, remained largely unexplored. To assess the candidacy of CD81 as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer development, we investigated its expression and function in a series of primary gastric tumors and gastric tumor-derived cell lines. Methods: The expression and concomitant methylation status of the CD81 gene and its effect on tumor development and cellular signaling were evaluated. Results: CD81 mRNA levels were found to be low in 16 of 40 (40 %) primary tumors and 9 of 14 (64.2 %) cell lines, and these low expression levels were found to correlate with the stage and grade of the tumors. Genomic alterations of CD81 were not encountered, whereas its expression could be re-activated in low expressing cells upon 5-aza-dC treatment. Bisulfite DNA sequencing analysis of 10 CpG sites within the 5′ proximal region of the CD81 gene promoter revealed that the observed transcriptional silencing was tightly associated with aberrant hypermethylation. Subsequent restoration of CD81 expression induced a G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, whereas siRNA-mediated CD81 down-regulation promoted cell proliferation and attenuated cellular responses to various apoptotic stress stimuli. Also the colony-forming ability of the tumor cells could be inhibited and enhanced through CD81 up- and down-regulation, respectively. CD81 was found to inhibit p38 (but not ERK, JNK and AKT) phosphorylation and its growth suppressive effect could be abolished through p38 up- and down-regulation. Conclusion: From our data we conclude that epigenetic inactivation of CD81 is a common feature of gastric tumors and that this inactivation may render growth and survival advantages to the tumor cells, at least partially through p38 signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-153
Number of pages13
JournalCellular Oncology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • CD81
  • Cell proliferation
  • Gastric cancer
  • Promoter hypermethylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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