Cell morphological response to low shear stress in a two-dimensional culture microsystem with magnitudes comparable to interstitial shear stress

Joong Yull Park, Sung Ju Yoo, Lalit Patel, Soon Hyuck Lee, Sang Hoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Slow interstitial flow can lead to large changes in cell morphology. Since conventional biological assays are adapted to two-dimensional culture protocols, there is a need to develop a microfluidic system that can generate physiological levels of interstitial flow. Here we developed a system that uses a passive osmotic pumping mechanism to generate sustained and steady interstitial flows for two-dimensional cultures. Two different cell types, fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells, were selected because they are generally exposed to interstitial flow. To quantify the cellular response to interstitial shear flow in terms of proliferation and alignment, 4 rates of flow were applied. We found that the proliferation rate of fibroblasts varied linearly with wall shear stress. In addition, alignment of fibroblast cells depended linearly on the magnitude of the shear stress, whereas mesenchymal stem cells were aligned regardless of the magnitude of shear stress. This suggested that mesenchymal stem cells are very sensitive to shear stresses, even at levels generated by interstitial flow. The results presented here emphasize the need to consider the mechanosensitivity and the natural role of different cell types when evaluating their responses to fluid flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-178
Number of pages14
JournalBiorheology
Volume47
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Mechanosensitivity
  • fibroblast
  • interstitial flow
  • mesenchymal stem cell
  • shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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