Cellulose-derived tin-oxide-nanoparticle-embedded carbon fibers as binder-free flexible Li-ion battery anodes

Seung Ik Oh, Jae Chan Kim, Dong-Wan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: Cellulose has attracted attention as a biomass carbon precursor owing to its abundant reserves and unique properties such as a hierarchical fibrous structure and good mechanical properties. Here, we fabricate cellulose-derived carbon fibers via a facile electrospinning and carbonization process by using cellulose acetate precursor. The prepared carbon fibers are directly used as binder-free flexible anodes for Li ion batteries. They exhibit a high initial reversible specific capacity of 555 mA h g−1 with better cycling stability than carbonized commercial cellulose electrodes. To design extensive lithium storage electrodes, cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO2 composites are fabricated through electrospinning. In order to prevent the degradation of the active material, we encapsulate SnO2 nanoparticles in cellulose-derived carbon fibers with a large amount of SnO2 (46.4 wt%), which is evenly dispersed in the fibrous carbon matrix. Cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO2 electrodes reveal a high reversible capacity of 667 mA h g−1 and stable cycling retention of 76% over 100 cycles at 200 mA g−1, which signify much better cycling performance than commercial SnO2 nanoparticles. These properties are reflected in the advantages of cellulose-derived carbon fiber/SnO2 composite electrodes such as high reactivity, good mechanical properties, and high electrical conductivity that originate from the cellulose-based fibril nanostructure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCellulose
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Carbon fiber
  • Cellulose
  • Electrospinning
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Tin oxide nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

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